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Bearded Dragon Care and Diseases

bearded dragon
bearded dragon

Bearded dragons are one of the popular reptile species that are kept as pets. They are generally friendly and easily adaptable animals that can be kept at home. However, it is important to pay attention to some basic care requirements to have a healthy bearded dragon. Additionally, being knowledgeable about common bearded dragon diseases is important to keep them healthy.

Housing and Temperature

Bearded dragons are animals that live in warm and dry environments. Providing a suitable habitat for them is important. Glass terrariums are generally ideal for bearded dragons. Inside the terrarium, you should use UVB light during the day to provide proper heat and light. To prevent temperature drops at night, you should use a heating source. This way, you can ensure that your bearded dragon maintains its metabolic functions correctly.


Bearded dragons are carnivorous animals, and maintaining a proper feeding regimen is important for their overall health. Here are some details regarding the nutrition of bearded dragons:

  1. Protein Sources: Animal proteins play an important role in the diet of bearded dragons. These are usually live insects. Among the most commonly consumed insects by bearded dragons are black soldier flies, locusts, millipedes, cockroaches, and dandelion beetles. When purchasing or collecting insects, ensure that they are well-nourished and have a low risk of carrying parasites.

  2. Vegetables: Vegetables also play a significant role in the diet of bearded dragons. Fresh and organic vegetables are suitable choices for bearded dragons. Vegetables such as lettuce, squash, carrots, broccoli, kale, and sweet potatoes can be offered. Serve the vegetables in thin slices to facilitate easy consumption by the bearded dragon. Additionally, make sure to wash the vegetables thoroughly and strive for organic cultivation.

  3. Vitamin Supplements: Bearded dragons require certain vitamins and minerals. Therefore, it is important to provide vitamin supplements as recommended by your veterinarian. Calcium supplements, vitamin D3, and multivitamins are commonly used supplements for bearded dragons. However, avoid overdosing on vitamin supplements as it can lead to health issues. Use supplements according to your veterinarian's instructions.

  4. Feeding Frequency and Portions: Bearded dragons are usually fed more frequently when they are young, and the feeding frequency decreases during adulthood. Young dragons are fed on a daily basis, while adults may be fed a few times per week or sometimes even less frequently. Feeding portions should be adjusted based on the dragon's age, size, and activity level. Generally, provide an amount of food that the dragon can consume entirely and clean up any remaining food.

This nutrition guide provides a general overview, but each bearded dragon may have individual needs. It is important to consult your veterinarian for more specific recommendations on nutrition, as your bearded dragon may have specific requirements for a healthy diet.

Water Supply

Providing clean water regularly is important for keeping bearded dragons healthy. A water dish should be placed in a spot easily accessible to the dragon. Clean the water dish regularly and refill it with fresh water. Ensure that water is constantly available to prevent your dragon from becoming dehydrated.

Hygiene and Cleanliness

Bearded dragons require a clean and hygienic living environment to maintain a healthy life. Hygiene and cleanliness are important for preserving their health and reducing the risk of infections. Here are some cleanliness measures:

  1. Terrarium Cleaning: Regularly cleaning the terrarium where bearded dragons reside is crucial. Clean up feces, urine, and leftover food. Small cleanings that need to be done daily help maintain the hygiene of the terrarium. Implement a weekly cleaning routine for more thorough cleaning of the terrarium.

  2. Material Replacement: Clean and replace the materials used inside the terrarium regularly. Clean the substrate material used on the floor and discard the soiled ones. Clean the branches, rocks, and other decorative items that come into contact with the bearded dragon. This prevents the accumulation of bacteria and parasites, ensuring a hygienic environment.

  3. Cleaning Products: When cleaning the terrarium, ensure the use of safe cleaning products for the well-being of the dragon. Harsh chemicals or heavily perfumed cleaning agents can be harmful. Opt for highly diluted vinegar or safe cleaning solutions recommended by your veterinarian. Rinse the terrarium thoroughly and remove any residues when using cleaning products.

  4. Personal Hygiene: Pay attention to your own hygiene when handling or being in contact with bearded dragons. Keep your hands clean and wash them before and after touching your dragon. This reduces the risk of disease transmission and preserves the health of your dragon.

A hygienic environment is important for the healthy growth and development of your bearded dragon. By implementing regular cleaning and hygiene measures, you can keep your bearded dragon's living area healthy and safe.


Bearded dragons are sensitive animals that can encounter certain health issues. Recognizing and intervening early in these diseases is important for their well-being. Here are some common bearded dragon diseases and their symptoms:

  1. Metabolic Bone Disease: This is a commonly seen disease in bearded dragons and can occur due to calcium, vitamin D3, or UVB light deficiency. Symptoms include bone deformities, weak bones, fractures, swollen joint areas, and limited mobility.

  2. Intestinal Parasites: Bearded dragons can be susceptible to intestinal parasites. These parasites can cause symptoms such as diarrhea, weight loss, loss of appetite, vomiting, and bloating. They can be diagnosed and treated with fecal tests and antiparasitic medications prescribed by a veterinarian.

  3. Respiratory Infections: Bearded dragons may be prone to respiratory infections. These infections can manifest with symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, and loss of appetite. They are treated with antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian.

  4. Nutritional Issues: Improper nutrition or deficiencies in the diet can lead to health problems in bearded dragons. Calcium or vitamin D3 deficiency can cause growth disorders, bone weakness, and metabolic issues. Providing a balanced diet and using supplements as recommended by a veterinarian can prevent these problems.

  5. Dermatological Issues: Bearded dragons can also experience skin problems. Skin infections, wounds, skin rashes, flaking, color changes, or shedding issues can occur. These conditions should be diagnosed by a veterinarian and appropriate treatment should be administered.

If you notice any abnormalities in your bearded dragon's behavior, appetite, stool, or skin, it is important to consult a veterinarian. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for maintaining your bearded dragon's health and preventing more serious issues. Additionally, regular veterinary check-ups and maintaining an appropriate care routine play a significant role in disease prevention.

Bearded dragons require good care to lead a healthy and long life. By following the above tips and not neglecting regular veterinary check-ups, you can ensure that they grow happily and healthily. However, please remember that this information serves as a general care guide, and each animal may have individual needs.


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