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What is Rabies Disease? How is it found? Is There a Treatment?

Rabies is a deadly viral infection that affects the nervous system. This disease can be transmitted from animals to humans by bite or saliva contact. There are usually two phases to the treatment of rabies: preventive vaccination and symptomatic treatment.

  • Preventive Vaccine:

  • To prevent rabies, rabies vaccination is important. As first aid, people who have been bitten or have contact with saliva should be vaccinated against rabies immediately. The rabies vaccine helps the vaccinated person produce antibodies in their body and become immune to the virus.

  • First vaccine: Rabies vaccine is usually administered in 4 or 5 doses. It can be done on days 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28. These steps are done to provide effective protection no matter how long after the bite.

  • Accelerated vaccination: Accelerated vaccination protocols are also available to provide faster protection.

  • Symptomatic Treatment:

  • If rabies symptoms have started, the chances of cure are slim and often fatal. Treatment for rabies after the onset of symptoms usually consists of supportive care. These include relief measures such as control of pain, fever, and other symptoms. However, treatment is usually not aimed at changing the course of the disease.

Rabies is a disease that should definitely be taken seriously. Therefore, when faced with rabies risky situations, medical help should be sought and preventive vaccination should be given urgently. In addition, being careful when contacting animals and avoiding contact with wild animals is an important step in preventing rabies.


How is it transmitted?


dog
dog

Rabies is a disease transmitted by a microorganism of the genus Lyssavirus, a virus. This virus is transmitted to humans through contact with the saliva of infected animals. Rabies is usually transmitted in the following ways:

  • Animal bite: Rabies can be transmitted by the bite of an infected animal. This is the most common mode of transmission, and the virus usually enters the body through the bite wound.

  • Saliva contact: Contact with the saliva of an infected animal can also transmit rabies. For example, a wound or mucous membrane exposed to saliva can allow the virus to enter the body.

After entering the body, the rabies virus travels to the nervous system and causes a serious infection that affects the brain and spinal cord. The incubation period for rabies before symptoms begin is usually between 1 and 3 months, although this can sometimes be longer.

Rabies can be found in many different animal species, but carnivorous mammals such as dogs, cats, foxes, and bats are the most common carriers of rabies. It is important to be careful in cases of contact with wild animals or contact with stray animals. It is important to receive immediate medical attention and rabies vaccination to minimize the risk of rabies after contact with such animals.

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